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Bougainville votes on independence from Papua New Guinea


<b>Bougainville votes on independence from Papua New Guinea</b>The former German colony could become the world's newest nation if the vote passes. The island's vast mineral wealth could make it a target for investors.
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Voters on the Pacific archipelago of Bougainville began casting ballots on Saturday in a referendum on independence from Papua New Guinea. If the vote for independence passes, the autonomous province with 206,000 people could become the world's newest independent nation. The referendum is part of a peace deal in 2001 that ended a bloody civil war between Bougainville and Papua New Guinea that left at least 15,000 people dead. The island's vast mineral wealth could make it a target of foreign investment. Bougainville has one of the world's largest copper deposits. These have been under development since 1972; one of the reserves has almost 915 million tonnes of copper with an average grade of 0.46% Cu. Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. This region is also known as Bougainville Province or the North Solomons. The Bougainville Civil War, also known as the Bougainville conflict, was a multi-layered armed conflict fought from 1988 to 1998 in the North Solomons Province of Papua New Guinea (PNG) between PNG and the secessionist forces of the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), and between the BRA and other armed groups on Bougainville. The conflict was described by John Momis, the island's current President, as the largest conflict in Oceania since the end of World War II in 1945, with an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 Bougainvilleans dead.

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Cathy Vikulchik 2019-11-25 at 01:59

Brenda Kokiai says counselling for war survivors is one of the first things needed after the referendum.

Survivors of bloody Bougainville civil war hope for healing through historic referendum - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)


Survivors of the 10-year conflict in Bougainville remember their pain but hope for a better future with a historic referendum.
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Tim Hortons 2019-11-23 at 02:50

Bougainville has been closed to new mining and exploration projects for a full 46 years, since 1971. The referendum will pave the way for new exploration projects. It's believed that besides large deposits of copper, gold and porphyry, the island may have some oil reserves.

This Brand New Nation Is Gearing Up For Mineral Exploration


Bougainville, a 9,300 square kilometer Island, east of Papua New Guinea is planning to open up for mineral exploration
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Tim Hortons 2019-11-23 at 02:20

Image John Momis, 77, is the current President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea
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Cathy Vikulchik 2019-11-23 at 02:12

Image John Momis, 77, is the current President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea
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Tim Hortons 2019-11-23 at 01:32

A 6,000-year-old human skull found in Papua New Guinea in 1929 came from someone killed in a tsunami some 6,000 years ago, experts say. He's thought to be the first known tsunami victim. The conclusion came after examination of the sediments where the skull was buried.
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