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Former president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, who stepped down Sunday following weeks of widespread protests fed by allegations of electoral fraud in the Oct. 20 presidential election, flew out on a Mexican government plane late Monday hours after being granted asylum as his supporters and foes fought on the streets of the capital while an opposition leader tearfully laid out a possible path toward new elections in the wake of the president's resignation.

Evo Morales flees crisis-torn Bolivia after deadly clashes


LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) — Bolivia faced its worst unrest in decades amid a political vacuum Tuesday, while Evo Morales, who transformed the Andean nation as its first indigenous president, fled the country following weeks of violent protests.
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Cathy Vikulchik 2019-11-13 at 08:02

A week after Evo Morales' government canceled a joint venture with a German company ACISA to develop a massive lithium project, he was ousted. Bolivia, which has the world's second largest reserves of lithium, is a key global player in the lithium market. Lithium is used to make batteries that power electric cars and electronics.

Bolivia's Almost Impossible Lithium Dream


One of the world's poorest nations is sitting on the second-largest amount of the mineral needed to power electric cars.
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Cathy Vikulchik 2019-11-12 at 06:26

Juan Evo Morales Ayma (born October 26, 1959) is a Bolivian politician and former cocalero activist who served as the 80th President of Bolivia from 2006 to 2019. Widely regarded as the country's first president to come from the indigenous population, his administration focused on the implementation of leftist policies, poverty reduction, and combating the influence of the United States and multinational corporations in Bolivia. Born to an Aymara family of subsistence farmers in Isallawi, Orinoca Canton, Morales undertook a basic education before mandatory military service, in 1978 moving to Chapare Province. Growing coca and becoming a trade unionist, he rose to prominence in rural laborers' union. In that capacity he campaigned against U.S. and Bolivian attempts to eradicate coca as part of the War on Drugs, denouncing these as an imperialist violation of indigenous Andean culture. His involvement in anti-government direct action protests resulted in multiple arrests. Morales entered electoral politics in 1995, became the leader of the MAS and was elected to Congress in 1997. Coupled with populist rhetoric, his campaign focused on issues affecting indigenous and poor communities, advocating land reform and the redistribution of gas wealth. He gained increased visibility through the Cochabamba protests and gas conflict. In 2002 he was expelled from Congress for encouraging anti-government protesters. Once elected President in 2005, Morales increased taxation on the hydrocarbon industry to bolster social spending, emphasising projects to combat illiteracy, poverty, racism, and sexism. Vocally criticizing neoliberalism and reducing Bolivia's dependence on the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, his administration oversaw strong economic growth while following a policy termed "Evonomics" which sought to move from a liberal economic approach to a mixed economy.

Evo Morales - Wikipedia



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